Comprehensive Guide on Canadian Family Class Sponsorship
Family unification is a cornerstone of Canada’s immigration policy. Through Family Class Sponsorship, Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their eligible relatives, including spouses, partners, dependent children, parents, and grandparents, for Canadian permanent residence.
Introduction to Family Class Sponsorship
Family Class Sponsorship allows Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor their eligible family members for Canadian permanent residence. The person seeking sponsorship must intend to live outside Quebec, as Quebec has a sponsorship program.
Sponsoring a Spouse, Common-Law, or Conjugal Partner
Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner for Canadian permanent residence. This includes same-sex partners.
- The sponsor and the applicant must be at least 18 years old.
- The relationship between the sponsor and the applicant must be recognized under Canadian law.
- The sponsor must sign an undertaking to provide for the applicant’s and dependent children’s basic needs.
- Ensure that both the sponsor and the sponsored person meet the eligibility requirements.
- Prepare your application package using the guide provided by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
- Pay the application fees.
- Submit your application.
Sponsoring Dependent Children
Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their dependent children, including adopted children.
- The child must be under 22 years old and not have a spouse or common-law partner. Children 22 years old or older qualify as dependents if they have depended on their parents for financial support since before 22. They cannot financially support themselves due to a mental or physical condition.
- The sponsor must sign an undertaking to provide for the child’s basic needs.
Application Process: The application process is the same for sponsoring a spouse or partner.
Parents and Grandparents Program
The Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP) allows Canadian citizens and permanent residents to sponsor their parents and grandparents for Canadian permanent residence.
- The sponsor must be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
- The sponsor must be at least 18 years old.
- The sponsor must sign an undertaking promising to provide for the basic requirements of the parent or grandparent.
- The sponsor must meet the minimum necessary income level (MNI) requirements and provide proof of income to the Canadian government.
- Check your eligibility for the Parents and Grandparents Program.
- Apply online to show your interest when the application process opens. IRCC will randomly invite potential sponsors to apply.
- Prepare your application package using the guide provided by IRCC if you receive an invitation to apply.
- Pay the application fees.
- Submit your application.
Sponsoring Other Relatives
In specific situations, Canadian citizens and permanent residents may also sponsor their siblings, nephews, nieces, and grandchildren if these relatives are orphaned, under 18, unmarried, or in a common-law relationship.
Also, suppose the sponsor has no relatives who can be sponsored as a family member (spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, son or daughter, parent, grandparent, sibling, uncle, aunt, nephew, or niece). In that case, they may sponsor any relative regardless of age.
Frequently Asked Questions on Canadian Family Class Sponsorship
Who can I sponsor through Family Class Sponsorship in Canada?
You can sponsor your spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, dependent children, parents, grandparents, and, in some specific situations, your siblings, nephews, nieces, and grandchildren.
What are the financial requirements for Family Class Sponsorship?
Sponsors must demonstrate they have sufficient income to provide for the basic needs of their sponsored family members. This is known as the Minimum Necessary Income, and it varies depending on the size of the sponsor’s family.
How long does the sponsorship undertaking last?
The length of the undertaking depends on the age of the sponsored person and their relationship to the sponsor. For example, the undertaking for a spouse or partner is three years; for a parent or grandparent, it’s 20 years.
What happens if my sponsored family members receive social assistance?
The sponsor must repay the benefits received if the sponsored person receives social assistance during the undertaking. The sponsor may also be ineligible to sponsor other individuals in the future.
Can I sponsor someone if I live outside Canada?
Canadian citizens living abroad can sponsor their spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, and dependent children while living outside Canada, provided they prove they plan to live in Canada when their sponsored relative becomes a permanent resident.
Family Class Sponsorship is a fantastic way for families to reunite and live together in Canada. It offers a path for eligible family members to achieve Canadian permanent residence, allowing them to work, study, and enjoy the same benefits as Canadian citizens. Understanding the application processes and meeting the requirements are crucial for a successful sponsorship. As always, consulting with an immigration expert or lawyer can provide additional assistance tailored to your specific situation.